Ratio of Debt to Income

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide the most you can pay monthly after you have paid your other recurring debts.


How to figure your qualifying ratio

Typically, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) qualifying ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of your gross monthly income that can go to housing (including mortgage principal and interest, private mortgage insurance, hazard insurance, property tax, and homeowners' association dues).

The second number is what percent of your gross income every month that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes payments on credit cards, car payments, child support, et cetera.

For example:

With a 28/36 qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, we offer a Loan Qualifying Calculator.

Don't forget these ratios are only guidelines. We will be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to determine how much you can afford. Rowlett Mortgage Lending, Ltd. can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Call us: 972-203-9033. Ready to begin? Apply Here.

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